Around the White tower area you will easily notice several statues and monuments devoted to several personalities that shaped the modern or ancient Greek history.
One of them is King Phillip the Second of Macedon, father of Alexander III of Macedon, further known as Alexander the Great. After coming to power in 360 BC Phillip methodically expanded the kingdoms political and military influence, while improved and modernized the economy.
Macedonian Phalanx and Alexander III
One of the most important innovations introduced by Phillip II at a military level was without any doubt the creation of Macedonian Phalanx infantry formation that was later used by his son Alexander III against the Achaemenid Empire of the Persians.
The reforms that took place under the reign of Phillip mostly focused on improving train and discipline, while the shaped formations and introduction of “Sarissa” long pike were critical for the future campaign.
Walking east by the sea after a short time you will be able to see the older Statue of Alexander the Great, one of most popular monuments and symbols of the city that is currently under reconstruction along with the surrounding seafront area.